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20 Curiosities of the Moon and its Mysteries

20 February, 2020

The moon is the fifth largest celestial body in our solar system and the closest to our planet. With craters, mountain ranges, plains or fractures, it imposes itself majestically on its terrestrial spectators, showing every night the same face that inspires poets, musicians, scientists and even lovers. Now I give you 20 curiosities about the moon that you may not know.

1. MOON’ S ORIGIN

The origin of the moon revolves around the Giant Impact hypothesis. A protoplanet called Theia impacted the Earth, large amounts of debris and particles were released from the collision and then compacted and made it possible to form the moon.

2. THE MOON IS NOT ROUND

The moon, unlike what most people think is not round, has bulges in the visible part of the earth and in the non-visible area as well, but it is closer to the oval shape. Another detail that shows the imperfection of its spherical shape is that its midpoint is about 2 kilometers outside the geometric center.

3. MOON LONGEVITY

4500 million years old has the moon. Legend has it that there was a second moon that appeared almost at the same time as the first one, but smaller and although it coexisted in space for millions of years, it ended up joining the moon.

4. IS THE MOON MOVING AWAY?

The moon is moving away from us. Rotation to the earth decreases at the rate of minimum fractions of seconds for centuries and although it is small, this energy is used by the Moon to move approximately 3.8 centimeters from the Earth each year. Today the moon is 18 times farther than when it formed 4500 million years ago.

5. DOES THE MOON HAVE AN ATMOSPHERE?

On the moon there is an atmosphere, which is very thin with few atoms and molecules. Its density is comparable to that of the outer edge of the Earth’s atmosphere. Although in a few proportions, there are particles of helium, argon, neon and very likely ammonia and even carbon dioxide.

6. WHAT COLOR IS THE MOON?

The moon is not white or bluish as assumed, the true color of the moon is between grayish brown, although in reality color varies according to the incidence of sunlight it receives and although it looks bright, only reflects in space 7% of the light it receives from the Sun.

7. GRAVITY ON THE MOON

If we went to the lunar territory we could not walk, we would jump constantly, feeling much lighter and this is because the gravity on the moon is much less than one sixth of that of the Earth.

8. THE MOON HAS 4 PHASES

These phases take place by the transient states of your movement, full moon or full moon, new moon or novilunium, crescent room, waning or old moon. These are the angles of the illuminated parts of the moon that are seen from the earth.

9. HIGH AND LOW TIDES

The moon has control of the tides, the gravity that this body exerts on the water of the closest oceans causes a ballooning effect, the tides are low. However, the same thing happens, but conversely, on the opposite side of the Earth, these are hollowed out and the tides are higher. The phases of the moon also influence the tides. In full moon, there is full tide, the same happens in the new moon, where the Sun and Moon pull in the same direction, their gravitational forces come together and cause the highest tides, while in the growing and waning phases the tides are smaller.

10. MAN’ S VISITS TO THE MOON

Twelve times the moon has been visited by astronauts. In July 1969, the first visit by the Apollo 11 mission was made. The United States and Russia are the most developed countries in space travel. The last trip that man made to the moon was in 1972.

11. NO SOUND AND NO WIND

In the moon there is no air, the sound has nowhere to propagate through space. On the moon you can’t whistle and no matter how much you scream or give a rock no one will listen to you.

12. IS THERE A HIDDEN FACE OF THE MOON?

The hidden face of the moon is the part that is not observed from the earth. This happens because the rotation time on itself and the movement of translation around the Earth are equal. You always see the same side

13. Cold or hot

Temperatures on the moon are extreme and can reach up to 120°C. However, on the dark side, temperatures below -150°C can be recorded. Astronauts reaching the moon wear special suits to resist these unstable temperatures.

14. THE MOON IS ALMOST 40 TIMES SMALLER THAN THE EARTH’ S SURFACE

The moon is much bigger than we see it, but it’s not huge either, it’s 38 million square kilometres in size, it’s almost 40 times smaller than the Earth, it’s actually smaller than the Asian continent.

15. NAME ORIGIN

The Latin word “moon” means luminous, it was a contraction of lucina, which like lux, lucis or light, comes from the Indo-European root leuk, present in the Greek leukós, which means brilliant white. Hence the name of this natural satellite.

16. THE LUNAR SURFACE

It is a solid rocky surface with a large number of craters and basins. Regolith is the loose layer of rocky fragments and soil that covers the surface of the moon, is highly reflective, property that favors the white shine of the moon when impacted by sunlight.

17. WHY THE ECLIPSES OF THE MOON?

When the Earth stands between the Sun and the Moon and all 3 are aligned, the Earth blocks the sun’s rays that reach the Moon and causes this shadow or eclipse. This can be seen anywhere on Earth where it is at night and lasts several hours. Something else is that as the Moon enters the earth’s shadow it acquires a reddish color.

18. ARE THERE MOUNTAINS ON THE MOON?

On the moon there are mountain systems, Leibniz and Doerfel, classify among the highest mountains, with peaks up to 6,100 m high, comparable to the Himalayan mountain range.

19. A DAY ON THE MOON

One day of the moon is equivalent to 27 days on Earth. The moon takes a total of 27.32 Earth days to complete a turn on itself.

20. IS THERE A BLUE MOON?

It has nothing to do with color and yes with the moon, when two phases of full moons occur in the same calendar, it is said that there is a blue moon, this fact depends on the cycle of the moon and happens every 3 years approximately.

VIDEOS ABOUT THE MOON

The moon is a place of many curiosities and mysteries, this documentary brings to light many of them.

HOW WOULD THE EARTH BE WITHOUT THE MOON?

Great all these facts and great mysteries, I’m sure you didn’t know all the curiosities about the moon. So tell your friends.

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